The term pulmonary hypertension refers to a type of high blood pressure. In pulmonary hypertension, the high blood pressure measurements pertain to the amount of pressure that is required for the heart to move blood through the lung arteries.
Systemic blood pressure measures the pressure in the arm's brachial artery. This blood pressure measurement reveals how effectively the heart is moving oxygenated blood from the heart to the other parts of the body. Pulmonary blood pressure is focused only on the blood flow within the lungs. The two blood pressure readings are typically different since they focus on such different things.
Pulmonary hypertension symptoms can vary by person. Typically, patients experience exhaustion, dizziness, breathing problems or all of these symptoms.
In primary pulmonary hypertension, the patient does not have an underlying heart disease, pulmonary disease or other serious illness. Primary pulmonary hypertension is most common in females between the ages of 21 and 40. The use of certain prescription appetite suppressants has been linked to some primary pulmonary hypertension cases. In secondary pulmonary hypertension, a pre-existing disease like heart disease or lung disease is present.
A lung disease specialist can help with pulmonary hypertension in several ways. Diuretics, blood thinners, and prescription medications made to lower pulmonary hypertension are effective for many patients. Medications to help the heart work more effectively may be used and oxygen therapy may be needed for some patients. Lifestyle changes can also be very helpful. Patients should stop smoking and should be cautious about exposure to high altitudes. Regular exercise can be highly beneficial for pulmonary hypertension patients. The doctor can create a list of specific recommendations that will allow a pulmonary hypertension patient to live the fullest life possible.
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